discus fish care and breeding

Discus is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Its popularity is mainly due to its exotic shape, bright colors and typical character. Discus are quite difficult to keep compared to other cichlids. They need high quality food and water. Discus have a laterally compressed body and are a well-known family of cichlids. Green, blue, red, etc. on the edges of the fish. they have such patterns or color tones. These fish have many maternal feelings towards their children. They take care of the babies after birth. They show you compassion, they will look at you by touching your hand and greet you. Their life expectancy is between 10 and 18 years. Disk maintenance is quite difficult.

Tanks and teammates
They like to live in groups, so always keep the disc in a group of 6 or more. Since they can reach 8 to 10 inches in size, they require a large aquarium. A 40 liter aquarium will fully cover the needs. They are tropical fish, so the aquarium temperature is around 25-29 degrees Celsius. Regular water changes are necessary to maintain the water level. Change 25% of the water every week. It is important to clean the aquarium regularly. Place natural plants in the aquarium, you can add peat, which lowers the pH level of the water. You can add neon tetras and cardinal tetras as friends. Please do your research before adding team members.
Feed live and frozen foods. Never compromise the quality of your disc feed, if it lacks nutrients your fish can become discolored, stressed or die. You can give them tubifex, bloodworm, cow heart. Wash before adding live foods, they may not be 100% safe. You can also give them dry or fried food.
Temperature: 25 to 29 degrees Celsius
Breeding: laying hens
Aquarium size: at least 40 liters.
Duration: more than 10 years
Personality: Semi-aggressive
Maintenance: more difficult
Diet: omnivorous
The difference between male and female albums.
It is very important to determine the sex of any fish intended for breeding. Being able to reproduce in a planned manner. The ability to spot differences in a particular fish increases with experience. It's like that on the record. You can distinguish between the two by considering the following points. Discus males usually have a wider forehead. The male discs are larger than the female when both are mature. Males have larger lips than females because they use them to fight other fish. When both fish reach maturity, male discus have a pointed dorsal fin, while female discus have a rounded dorsal fin. The male may stand between the female and other fish and will try to protect her by spreading his fins to appear larger. See also vas deferens, women generally have larger, rounder vas deferens, while men have sharper, sharper vas deferens. This is the main difference between Discus. The top is feminine and the bottom is masculine.
disc growth
Aquarium setup:
You can use a disk tank of at least 20 liters. Do not add substrate to the breeding tank. You should add broad thin-leaved plants or upright boards that serve as a place to leave the disc. During spawning, the pair can be aggressive, so there should be plenty of hiding places in the aquarium.
Food and water quality.
Keep the water quality in the aquarium at the highest level, otherwise the wise mate may not appear. So change 5 to 10% of the water every day. The nitrogen waste level should be kept at 0. Feed a high protein diet consisting mainly of live foods. Maintain a varied diet so you don't lack nutrients. Set the aquarium temperature to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
When a couple decides to breed, they will choose a spawning spot in the aquarium. They can be plant leaves, vertical boards or any aquarium decoration. Once chosen, they will start cleaning the surface to lay their eggs. The female then lays her eggs in the shale, and the male fertilizes them. The female discus lays eggs once a week and this reproductive process can last several months.
Eggs hatch in 48 hours and fry are free swimming in 72 hours. There is no need to separate the parents from the fry, as the fry secrete a type of liquid from their body that feeds on them.
keep fried
A mature disk seed needs more space to grow. Avoid feeding fry in the parent's body for a long time. Fry should be moved to a new aquarium as soon as they can survive on their own. When the fry are 2-3 weeks old, move them to a new home. Discus puppies need to eat 5-6 times a day. You can give them brine shrimp, micro shrimp, crushed bloodworms. Follow the general rule: don't overfeed and remove uneaten food if possible. Discus fry are sensitive to poor water conditions, so change 5-10% of the water daily. I hope the disc breeding is successful.
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